Annapolis is the capital of the U.S. state of Maryland. Situated on the Chesapeake Bay at the mouth of the Severn River about 30 miles (48 km) east of Washington, DC. The city was founded in 1649 by Puritans. It is a famous tourist resort (oceanographic observatory) and scientific (Naval Academy) – you can visit land and some houses. In the town has been preserved the original architecture, with its quaint streets, Historic Downtown and port. Annapolis is the home of the United States Naval Academy and the original campus of St. John’s College. The United States Naval Academy was founded here in 1845. In the city are many museums, historical sites, and monuments. Among others you can visit the Banneker-Douglass Museum, located in the historic Mount Moriah Church at 87 Franklin Street, documents the history of African Americans in Maryland, the Kunta Kinte-Alex Haley memorial, located at the head of the city’s harbor, whose story is related in Haley’s book Roots and TV serie, the Paca House and Garden encompasses an 18th-century Georgian mansion constructed by William Paca, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Annapolis self-proclaimed "Sailing Capital of the World" boasts the oldest State House still in operation. A seaport since the 18th century, where sailing, cruising, and paddling are major activities around the Severn River and the Chesapeake Bay.